More Genetic Affinities Among Earlier Races

(This email was modified for publication.)

From: Ernest Moyer
To: Preston Thomas <>
Date: 7/23/2012 10:17:16 AM
Subject: The Jewish Contribution to World Civilization.htm


In my previous email I showed that Abraham was of Andite blood, and carried a red skin color. We know them as Semites. He had origins in Mesopotamia.

P.1019 - �4 Not long after they had established themselves near Salem, Abraham and Lot journeyed to the valley of the Nile to obtain food supplies as there was then a drought in Palestine. During his brief sojourn in Egypt Abraham found a distant relative on the Egyptian throne, and he served as the commander of two very successful military expeditions for this king. During the latter part of his sojourn on the Nile he and his wife, Sarah, lived at court, and when leaving Egypt, he was given a share of the spoils of his military campaigns.

I showed how this skin color appeared in Egypt, where Abraham had royal relatives. They had golden hair, (Ginger - 3000 BC), and red hair, (Ramses II 1300 BC.) 

The picture below is from the British Museum, where Ginger was brought more than a hundred years ago. He is one of the favorites for Museum visitors.


Although his body is heavily stained from more than 5,000 years lying in the sand we can see he had a yellowish-white skin. He now lies in an artificial sand grave, with pottery and artifacts placed there by the Museum curators to simulate his surroundings when he was found. They are typical of familiar household items placed with the dead of that era, similar to the way we would place tokens of memory with our dead. "Ginger" represents an Egyptian of early Badarian or Naqada times.

He lies in the tightly curled, infantile position common to the burials of those days. This may have been an attempt to imitate the grave as the womb and he as a new born about to enter heaven.

Although this photograph does not serve well to illustrate the reason for naming this man "Ginger" he received that nickname when he was first put on display in the British Museum because of his golden curly locks. They are somewhat visible. As we can see, similar curly locks were often sculpted on Greek and Roman statues. (The above photograph on the right is that of a statue of the Roman Emperor, Augustus.)

The following two scenes are from the tomb of Ramose, State Administrator under Amenophis III and Akhenaten. The tomb is in the Valley of the Kings along with the tombs of many other Pharaohs and high administrative officials of the royal courts. These tombs were sculpted out of the fine white limestone of the region. This location may have been chosen because the fine-grained rock permitted exquisite decorations in full color. The tombs were created from about 1500 BC to about 1000 BC.

These pictures were published by Sigrid Hodel-Hoenes, Life and Death in Ancient Egypt, Cornell University Press, 2000.

Below is an illustration of an Egyptian religious worship scene where the woman have different hair colors, yellow and red, but appear to be white skinned. However they had male companions who were red-skinned. Many of the Egyptians wore black wigs to control lice.

Both scenes apparently are from the funeral of Ramose. In the first scene on the left are men with red, blond, and brunette hair. The group of worshipping women wear black wigs. In the scene on the extreme right are clearly visible women with blond, red, and brunette hair. Note the decorative curls descending down the back for most of the women.

The deep religious expression is evident in both scenes. On the right the squatting young women are throwing ashes on their heads in mourning. On the left the women are engaged in charismatic worship of their God, with a waving of the hands held up in supplication.

One can almost hear their voices raised in prayer for the safety of their beloved leader as he resurrects in heaven, and that God may remember them also.

This scene dates to around 1350 BC, perhaps a hundred years after Moses, although there is some debate about the exact dates when Moses lived. The significant point is that the Egyptians during that era engaged in charismatic prayer.

Siptah, c 1190 BC, 19th Dynasty:

The mummy had a thick crop of red-brown curly hair.

Many of the mummies show an outstanding feature. The wall paintings of Egyptian tombs show royal men with a red skin, and royal women with white or cream color.  Many Egyptian mummies were thus painted (if they were not Negroid) in death, with red and yellow ochre.

The Case for Rameses II

Ramesses II of the 19th Dynasty, (1279 to 1213 BC) is the most famous of all Pharaohs of ancient Egypt. Many believe he was the Pharaoh who ruled when the Children of Israel escaped from bondage under Moses.

In 1975 the Egyptian government asked French scientists to attempt preservation of the mummy of Ramesses. It was shipped to Paris where the work was done. This event offered an opportunity for forensic examination to determine his age, body condition, health, diet, and so on. One area of major interest was his racial affinities. The Senegalese scholar Cheikh Anta Diop was claiming that Ramesses was black. After the work was complete the mummy was returned in a hermetically sealed casket, and it has remained hidden from public view ever since, concealed in the bowels of the Cairo Museum. The results of the study were published in a lavishly illustrated work, edited by L. Balout, C. Roubet and C. Desroches-Noblecourt, and titled La Momie de Ramses II: Contribution Scientifique el'egyptologie (1985).

Professor P. F. Ceccaldi, with a research team, studied some hairs from the mummy's scalp. Ramesses II was 87 years-old when he died, and his hair had turned white. Ceccaldi determined that the reddish-yellow color of the hair was due to a dye with a dilute henna solution. As we saw earlier, many Egyptians dyed their hair, and this personal habit was preserved by the embalmers. However, traces of the hair's original color remained in the roots. Microscopic examinations showed that the hair roots contained natural red pigments, and that therefore, during his younger days, Ramesses II had been a red head. Analysis concluded that these red pigments did not result from the hair somehow fading, or otherwise being altered after death, but did represent Ramesses' natural hair color. Ceccaldi also studied the cross-section of the hairs, and determined from their oval shape, that Ramesses had been "cymotrich" (wavy-haired). Finally, he stated that such a combination of features showed that Ramesses had been a "leucoderm" (white-skinned person). Refer to the above report.

Balout and the other forensic specialists were under no illusions as to the significance of this discovery. They concluded:

"After having achieved this immense work, an important scientific conclusion remains to be drawn: the anthropological study and the microscopic analysis of hair, carried out by four laboratories: Judiciary Medecine (Professor Ceccaldi), Societe L'Oreal, Atomic Energy Commission, and Institut Textile de France showed that Ramses II was a 'leucoderm', that is a fair-skinned man, near to the Prehistoric and Antiquity Mediterranean's, or briefly, of the Berber of Africa." 

For more information on the Berbers, click here.

The fact of red-headed Egyptians has not only anthropological interest however, but also great symbolic importance. In ancient Egypt, the god Seth was said to have been red-haired, and redheads were claimed to have worshipped the god devoutly. See G. A. Wainwright, The Sky-Religion in Egypt: Its Antiquity and Effects, Cambridge University Press, 1938, pgs 31, 33, 53. In the Ramesses study by the French, the Egyptologist Desroches-Noblecourt discussed the importance of Ramesses' rufous condition. She noted that the Ramessides (the family of Ramesses II), were devoted to Seth, with several bearing the name Seti, which means "beloved of Seth". She concluded that the Ramessides believed themselves to be divine descendants of Seth, with their red hair as proof of their lineage. She speculated that Ramesses II may have been descended from a long line of redheads.

Her speculations have been proved correct: Joann Fletcher, as a consultant to the British Bioanthropology Foundation, has proved that Seti I, the father of Ramesses II, had red hair. See L. Parks, "Ancient Egyptians Wore Wigs," Egypt Revealed, May 29, 2000. Other investigators have demonstrated that the mummy of Pharaoh Siptah, a great-grandson of Ramesses II, had red hair. See my reference to Partridge above.

All of these features are characteristic of the Celtic people we know from history and today.

I give this further background on Abraham in order for you to get a better grasp of where he was genetically.

Remember the promises to him:

1) I will make your descendants as the dust of the earth; so that if one can count the dust of the earth, your descendants also can be counted, Gen 13:16. 
2) Look toward heaven, and number the stars, if you are able to number them. So shall your descendants be, Gen 15:5.
3) I will so greatly multiply your descendants that they cannot be numbered for multitude, Gen 16:10.
I shall continue with this in the following paper.


----- Original Message -----
From: Preston Thomas
To: Ernest Moyer
Sent: Friday, July 20, 2012 10:52 AM
Subject: Re: Emailing: The Jewish Contribution to World Civilization.htm


Thanks for the instruction on sending the web page.

What is the important distinction you make between the descendants of Jacob and the Jewish people?